What is Universal Resource Locator?

What is Universal Resource Locator?

The Universal Resource Locator (URL), also known as Uniform Resource Locator, is an exclusive identifier used to find a web resource. It is likewise alluded to as a web address. The Universal Locators (URLs) comprise numerous parts such as protocol and domain name that tell an internet browser how and where to fetch a resource.

People use URLs by directly entering them into the browser’s location bar or by clicking a hyperlink found on a website page, bookmark list, in an email, etc.

What does Universal Resource Locator Mean?
Every Universal Resource Locator (URL) comprises segments arranged in a systematic order, as shown below.

* Scheme
* Colon and two slashes.
* Server Location
* Port (optional) and Resource location on the server
* Fragment identifier (optional)

Each  segment in the Universal Resource Locator represent different information such as

  1. Protocol/Scheme

It helps in getting to a resource on the web. Protocols contain HTTP, HTTPS, FTPS, mailto, and file. The resource is accessed by the Domain Name System (DNS).In the above example, the domain is https.

  1. Host/Domain Name

It is a particular reference showing a website page. For example,

  1. Port Name

In Universal Resource Locator(URL), port name is not visible but rather fundamental, following a colon. For webservers, the default port is port 80.

  1. Path

It alludes to a document or location on the web server—for example, search/query.

  1. Query

It can be seen in the Universal Resource Locator (URL) of the dynamic page comprising of a question mark, for this model,?

  1. Parameters

It is the bits of information in an inquiry line of a Universal Resource Locator (URL). Various parameters can be parted by ampersands (&), for this model, q=URL.